Submitting your taxes as a small company - this is how it works (Kleinunternehmer)

As small business owners submit the tax return - that's how it works every year, the question arises: "Will I file a tax return this time and get some pennies back from the state?" Many have the choice and are not obliged to pay. But some are not around.

This mainly affects small business owners. For example, those who sell products through online trading and thus generate additional income have to pay tax on them, provided the income exceeds 410 euros per calendar year.

Anyone who earns beyond this limit is obliged to provide the tax office with information about the financial situation. Although small business owners have a very easy time to draw up the tax return, a few points should be noted.

Tax declaration as a small business owner

If only a small amount of revenue is generated, the tax expenditure will also remain rather low. In such cases, the small business rules apply. Then no sales tax must be transmitted to the tax office. Furthermore, the advance VAT return is waived.

By definition, small businesses can be sole proprietors, freelancers , corporations or even GbRs.

Characteristic of small entrepreneurs is:

  • Total turnover is unlikely to exceed 17,500 euros in the year of its founding
  • in the following year it must have been determined that the limit of 17,500 euros was not exceeded
  • In addition, the total turnover in the current year may not exceed € 50,000

Total turnover limit of 17,500 euros

The total turnover limit of 17,500 euros always refers to a whole calendar year. Sales can also be determined on a pro rata basis and then extrapolated.

It is important to know that gross amounts are used for the limits, so sales tax is also taken into account. This does not therefore have to be shown on invoices.

Note: In the case of non-stated VAT, no input tax must be paid to the tax office.

Apply for small business regulation

Founders receive a questionnaire from the tax office for tax collection. On the questionnaire must be ticked whether the small business regulation should be taken or not. A taxation can be changed at any time. As a rule, informal letters to the tax office are sufficient for a tax change .

EÜR: Revenue surplus invoice

Small business owners can not avoid a tax return . Above all, the so-called plant EÜR, ie the revenue surplus invoice, must be transmitted. From the tax year 2017, the transmission will be exclusively online.

With the EÜR the profit is determined. For this purpose, the receipts are offset against the expenses. The expenses are used as gross amounts. Then the profit is recorded. The tax burden then determines the tax office.

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